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Sustainable Packaging

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It is important for our physical products to have a reasonable environmental footprint. We print on recyclable paper with soy-based inks. We do use a thin plastic to protect our products while on our distributors shelves, and are looking for a non-oil-based plastic to replace the current product. For external packaging we use bubble-wrap and cardboard boxes. The bubble-wrap is also unfortunately an oil-based plastic, and with most plastics are non-biodegradable.

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Residence Certificate T.M. 6 in Chiang Mai

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The Residence Certificate aka T.M. 6 is a document that is used to document one's legal address. This is specifically required for things like obtaining or renewing a Drivers License.

In the past, it was possible to use an affidavit certified by one's consulate or embassy. However, that is both more expensive (a fee is charged, it was $50 USD at the US Consulate in 2018), and in the case of Americans, the US Consulate no longer provides this service.

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Thai Keyboard Layouts

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This article is about Thai keyboard layouts for desktop and laptop computers, which have a hardware and software component. This does not deal with virtual or soft keyboards or mobile device layouts.

Thai Keyboard Layouts are generally something Thai speakers and Thai language learners have little problem with because of a de facto standard, although there are three specific standards, in practice (along with ISO and ANSI layouts).

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Thai Vowel Card Description Key

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Here we can show what is on each card specifically for the 43 Thai vowels, tone marks and punctuation cards, now available for sale online and at over 60 locations in Thailand.

Purpose of the Thai Alphabet Cards

Most of the elements can be learned individually using the cards. For example, covering up a part of one side of the card and prompting for covered elements (e.g., show the picture and prompt for the written form, show the English meaning and prompt for the Thai word pronunciation, etc.)

Design Goals

The cards have been devise for maximum information density while balancing composition with a focus on the learner who wants to learn how to write and read Thai characters as well as how to pronounce the characters correctly.

In particular, we have innovated in the creation of symbols to indicate various tone, sound, and syllable class rules, as well as the innovation of showing frequency as well as duration of tone in the form of a graph.

Thai Side of Card - ด้านภาษาไทย

  1. Thai character sound – เสียงของตัวสระภาษาไทย
  2. Thai name of character – ชื่อของตัวสระเป็นภาษาไทย
  3. Thai character with drawing indicators – แบบแสดงเส้นนำทางในการเขียนตัวสระ
  4. Common handwritten form – รูปแบบของสระที่นิยมเขียนเป็นลายมือเขียน
  5. Color coding of the vowel class – ใช้สีกำกับบอกประเภทของสระ
  6. Vowel pair, if present - คู่เสียงสระสั้นยาว
  7. Vowel categories indicating short or long, diphtongs, and combined (vowel+consonant) - ประเภทของสระ สระเสียงสั้น สระเสียงยาว สระประสม สระพิเศษ
  8. Drawing illustrating the character name – ภาพวาดที่แสดงชื่อของสระ
  9. Tone rules for long and short vowels when applied to high, mid and low consonants – กฏการออกเสียงสูงต่ำสำหรับพยางค์สระเสียงสั้นและพยางค์สระเสียงยาวเมื่อใช้กับพยัญชนะสูง กลาง และ ต่ำ
  10. Vowel order number (in Thai numerals) – เลขลำดับของสระในภาษาไทยเป็นตัวเลขไทย

English Side of Card - ด้านภาษาอังกฤษ

  1. Phonetic transcription of Thai sound in English –การออกเสียงสระภาษาไทยเป็นภาษาอังกฤษ
  2. Tone frequency and duration graph -กราฟแสดงเสียงสูงต่ำของเสียงสระ
  3. Mouth position diagram -แผนภาพรูปปากขณะออกเสียงสระ
  4. English translation for character name -คำแปลชื่อของสระเป็นภาษาอังกฤษ
  5. Vowel class -ประเภทของสระเป็นภาษาอังกฤษ
  6. Vowel order number (in Arabic numerals) -เลขลำดับของสระในภาษาไทยเป็นตัวเลขอราบิค
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Fonts with Thai & Roman (Latin)

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One challenge for using Thai script on a computer is that Thai characters are more vertical than roman alphabet characters. If one is mixing roman and Thai characters in a document, the Thai characters tend to be much smaller (and therefore illegible if the roman characters are optimized for space and legibility). The reason for this is that Thai characters, along with vowel markers, tone marks, and the silent marker can stack above and below a character, which means they are generally much taller than Roman (Latin) and other alphabet systems.

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Understanding Thai Transcription

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INCOMPLETE - WORK IN PROGRESS It is common for those learning Thai to run across transcription of spoken Thai into systems other than the Thai script. At first, one would think that there would be a single correct transcription, for example based on the International Phonetical Association (IPA) that would accurately capture all the sounds in Thai. One would be wrong. There are a large number of transcription/transliteration systems, each with their own history and rationale. Understanding more about them is useful to Intermediate Thai language learners. Normally a beginning learner is simply at the mercy of whatever Thai language books/material and/or Thai teacher/tutor is most convenient or chosen for the learner. As for the author of this essay, I held a bias against the IPA system as I wondered why I had to learn a third system in order to learn the second system (Thai). It turns out I was incorrect and it would have been better to learn not only the phonemes and phonology of Thai, but also that of English. A better understanding of both is the key to cutting through the confusion of Thai transcription systems that proliferate. Topics to follow: - Transcription system goals - Script-to-script - Sound-to-script - Reversibility - Sound-to-sound - ASCII/En keyboard transcription - Transcription systems - True (full) IPA - Hybrid systems - AUA -

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Horse Riding in Chiang Mai

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There are quite a few venues for riding horses in Chiang Mai, including horse riding courses and trail rides. Laddaland is the main riding club with dozens of horses, but there are many other smaller outfits as well.

Chiang Mai